FAQ’sQUESTIONS & ANSWERS
The cost for regular dental cleaning, called prophylaxis, average between $75 and $125, while the average cost for periodontal scaling and root planing (deep cleaning teeth) is between $300 and about $700. Periodontal maintenance costs after undergoing periodontal treatment average $115.
During your routine dental check-up, your dentist can uncover important clues about your overall health.
If your tooth enamel is worn down, for example, that’s a sign that you may be suffering from stress and grinding your teeth at night. Swollen and receding gums can be an early sign of diabetes, and sores in your mouth that don’t heal can sometimes indicate oral cancer.
Studies suggest that pregnant women with serious gum disease — called periodontitis — are more likely to deliver a premature baby of low birth weight.
Since gum disease may increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes, you should tell your dentist if you have cardiovascular disease or have a family history of these conditions.
A dentist or periodontist may be the first to notice these symptoms and can tell you which additional tests or treatments you may need. In some cases, they’ll work closely with your primary care doctor to help manage your follow-up care.
If you have Gum Disease or Gingivitis, it is absolutely required that you visit a dentist and get your teeth cleaning done. During your initial professional cleaning, the dentist will remove all the tartar, plaque and bacteria using a scaling and root planing procedure (deep cleaning). Scaling gets rid of the bacteria and tartar from the surfaces of your teeth and beneath the gums. Root planing eliminates inflammation-producing bacteria, smoothens the surfaces of your roots, keeps tartar and bacteria from building up again and helps in the healing process.
Dental restoration: If your teeth are misaligned or you have poorly fitted bridges, crowns or other restorations, they may aggravate your gums and make it more difficult to get rid of plaque during your regular dental care routine. The dentist can fix these problems if they’re contributing to your gingivitis.
Ongoing care: Gingivitis will typically clear up once you’ve had a professional cleaning, but you need to keep up with good dental hygiene at home to stay healthy.
By staying consistent with your dental hygiene, your gums should return to being healthy and pink within a couple of weeks
Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It’s typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build up on the teeth and harden. In advanced stages, periodontal disease can lead to sore, bleeding gums; painful chewing problems; and even tooth loss.
Our mouths are full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, constantly form a sticky, colorless “plaque” on teeth. Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque. Plaque that is not removed can harden and form “tartar” that brushing doesn’t clean. Only a professional cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar.
There are a number of risk factors for gum disease, but smoking is the most significant. Smoking also can make treatment for gum disease less successful. Other risk factors include diabetes; hormonal changes in girls and women; diabetes; medications that lessen the flow of saliva; certain illnesses, such as AIDS, and their medications; and genetic susceptibility.
Symptoms of gum disease include:
- Bad breath that won’t go away
- Red or swollen gums
- Tender or bleeding gums
- Painful chewing
- Loose teeth
- Sensitive teeth
- Receding gums or longer appearing teeth
The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Any type of treatment requires that the patient keep up good daily care at home. The dentist may also suggest changing certain behaviors, such as quitting smoking, as a way to improve your treatment results. At a dental visit, a dentist or dental hygienist will:
- Examine your gums and note any signs of inflammation.
- Use a tiny ruler called a “probe” to check for and measure any pockets around the teeth. In a healthy mouth, the depth of these pockets is usually between 1 and 3 millimeters. This test for pocket depth is usually painless.
- Ask about your medical history to identify conditions or risk factors (such as smoking or diabetes) that may contribute to gum disease.
The dental professional may also:
- Take an x-ray to see whether there is any bone loss.
- Refer you to a periodontist. Periodontists are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of gum disease and may provide you with treatment options that are not offered by your dentist.
Gingivitis is contagious since it’s a type of gum bacterial infection. Therefore, you can spread it through saliva exchange when sharing cups, silverware, or through kissing.
Gingivitis is a direct cause of tooth decay problems potentially leading to the need for dental surgery such as root canal. Because the dentist can remove hardened-on tartar during a regular cleaning, you can protect yourself from more serious periodontal care simply by scheduling cleanings at six-month intervals.
Sadly, gingivitis consequences don’t end with just a simple cavity. Periodontitis spreads to your tissue and bone under your teeth’s visible layer, causing tooth loss. Periodontitis may also lead to premature birth weight, heart attack and more. In fact, it’s linked to systemic diseases like:
- Respiratory disease
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Coronary artery disease
Periodontitis bacteria, according to research, may even extend through your gum tissue and travel into your bloodstream and affect your lungs, heart and other organs. But to confirm this link, researchers need to collect more evidence.
Use antibacterial toothpaste and mouthwash: Antibacterial toothpaste helps fight plaque even after you’ve finished your dental hygiene routine. Get the bacteria and plaque out of those hard-to-reach places with antibacterial mouthwash.
Brush your teeth properly: Ensure you’re brushing your teeth for at least two minutes each session. You may want to use an electric toothbrush to ensure you’re cleaning your teeth thoroughly.
Few Home Remedies:
- Salt: Salt has unique antiseptic and antibacterial properties, making it a great substance to use with gingivitis and treating the inflammation. You can mix the salt with water (lukewarm) to make a type of saline solution for rinsing your mouth out twice daily. You can also mix it with mustard oil to relieve swollen gums with a gentle massage.
- Baking Soda and Salt: To make this solution, just mix a half-teaspoon of salt plus a spoonful of baking soda. Run warm water on your toothbrush to get it moist and dip the toothbrush into the baking soda and salt mixture. Then, for five minutes, rub your teeth and gums with the brush.
- Hydrogen Peroxide Solution: You may also want to try a cup of warm water with a half-cup of hydrogen peroxide and swish your mouth out. Just be sure to spit it out and not swallow the solution.
Maintain Healthy lifestyle: Eating foods high in simple carbohydrates and sugar, may increase your risk of gum and tooth issues.
Be sure you’re eating a diet rich in essential nutrients, like vegetables, and that’s low in sugar and if you do eat a food high in sugar, be sure to brush or at least rinse afterwards to ensure it doesn’t stick to your teeth. Brush your teeth two times daily (morning and night). You need to floss your teeth daily, too.
Always be a step ahead of gingivitis by always practicing good dental health, brushing and flossing every day and setting those preventive care appointments.